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考博英语辅导:考博英语阅读练习

2017-12-7 16:24:00 手机版
导语: 十年寒窗,开出芬芳;十年磨剑,努力未变;十年坚守,成功守候。十年的风雨兼程奋力追逐,让梦想现实的时刻。祝努力备考,金榜题名,考入理想院校。以下是课后学习网为大家整理的 《考博英语辅导:考博英语阅读练习三篇》供您查阅。
第一篇  chinese output set to depress steel valuations steel company valuations are poised for a fall as increased chinese output is cutting its reliance on imported supplies.
  china, for long the main driver of surging demand, is making more of its own steel, causing a potential excess of supply in other parts of the world.
  shares in bluescope, australia''s biggest steel company, dropped 15 per cent on friday after it warned that profits this year would drop sharply due to higher steel production from china spilling into world markets, especially in asia.
  shares in thyssenkrupp of germany fell, along with other steel companies such as the anglo-dutch corus and luxembourg''s arcelor, as investors reasoned that the bluescope warning could have repercussions for steelmakers globally.
  last month ulrich middelmann, deputy chairman of thyssenkrupp was complaining about the high price of many metals companies.
  now, however, he may be cheered by the fact that some of the steelmakers he might be keen to purchase would soon start to look more affordable.
  after a recent spate of consolidation in the industry, many steelmakers are looking at acquisitions.
  large groups such as arcelor and mittal steel have snapped up smaller companies to give themselves more power to dictate prices.
  after doubling in many markets in the previous three years, average prices for steel fell in the first six months of this year. however, they have edged up in recent weeks, helped by an increase in manufacturers'' stocks in the us.
  that trend now looks almost certain to go into reverse in the next six months, even though the fall in prices seems unlikely to be dramatic.
  the biggest culprit for the likely price decline is higher production in china which is not being matched by stronger internal demand. as a result, according to cru, net imports into china of steel sheet an important indicator for the industry will fall from 23m tonnes in 2003 to 6.5m tonnes next year and 4.2m tonnes in 2007.
  the likely fall in steel exports from other countries into china does not look all that great but it promises to be enough to influence global pricing trends.
  一、参考译文
  全球钢铁企业的市值将出现下降,因为中国钢铁产量不断增加,令其正在减少对进口供应的依赖。
  长期以来,中国一直是钢铁需求飙升的主要推动力,但目前中国自己生产的钢铁增多,导致世界其它地区可能出现供应过剩。
  澳大利亚最大钢铁公司bluescope的股价周五下挫15%,此前由于中国钢铁产量上升已影响全球市场,尤其是亚洲市场,公司警告今年利润将急剧下降。
  德国的蒂森克虏伯(thyssenkrupp)股票与英荷哥鲁氏(anglo-dutch corus)、卢森堡阿塞洛(arcelor)等企业股票的价格相继下跌,因为投资者认为,bluescope的预警可能会对全球钢铁业产生影响。
  蒂森克虏伯副董事长乌尔里希?米德曼(ulrich middelmann)上月抱怨说,许多金属企业价格很高。
  但眼下他或许会对一个事实感到高兴:不久后,他可能很想收购的一些钢铁生产商,会开始看上去价格更便宜、更能让人承受。
  在近期的钢铁行业整合大潮后,许多钢铁制造商正在考虑收购。
  阿塞洛和米塔尔钢铁(mittal steel)等大型集团已收购一些较小的企业,以使自己得到更大的定价能力。
  许多市场的钢铁均价在过去3年里上涨了一倍,而今年上半年价格则出现下跌。但最近几周,受美国制造商存货增加的推动,该价格又有所回升。
  现在看来,该趋势在今后6个月里几乎肯定会反转,尽管价格的下跌似乎不可能很剧烈。
  造成这种价格可能下跌的最大原因,是中国产量的上升,但该国的内需没有相应增加。结果,根据英国商品研究所(cru)的数据,中国钢板净进口从2003年的2300万吨,将降至明年的650万吨,到2007年预计将降至420万吨。钢板净进口是钢铁行业的一个重要指标。
  其它国家对华钢铁出口可能下降,虽然降幅看上去不会如此之大,但看来足以影响全球定价趋势。
  二、重点词汇
  valuationn.估价,评价,计算
  surging n.浪涌,冲击
  potential adj.潜在的,可能的,势的,位的
  n.潜能,潜力,电压
  reasoned adj.详尽论述的,理由充分的
  purchasevt.买,购买
  n.买,购买
  consolidation n.巩固,合并
  acquisition n.获得,获得物
  dictate v.口述,口授,使听写,指令,指示,命令,规定
  n.指示(指理智,变心)
  dramatic adj.戏剧性的,生动的
  influence n.影响,感化,势力,有影响的人(或事), (电磁)感应
  vt.影响,改变
第二篇  china reins in economic expansion china's growth in fixed-asset investment and its money supply slowed considerably in august, providing firm evidence that the government's tightening measures were reining in the country's rapid economic expansion.
  urban fixed-asset investment in august rose 21.5 per cent compared with a year ago, a marked slowdown from the 30.5 per cent expansion from january through july and the slowest for a single month since december 2004. m2, the broad indicator for money supply, rose 17.9 per cent last month compared with 18.4 per cent in july and june.
  china's economy has been growing at a record pace, expanding by 11.3 per cent in the second quarter. beijing officials and many economists are concerned that such growth rates are not sustainable in the longer term.
  the latest economic data, which were released by qiu xiaohua, commissioner of china's national bureau of statistics, suggest beijing has been able to control excessive lending and investment to sectors such as real estate that are especially at risk of overheating.
  beijing is using a combination of monetary and administrative controls in its attempts to moderate growth. since late april, china's central bank has twice raised benchmark lending rates and bank reserve requirements. yesterday it also mopped up a record rmb225bn ($28.3bn) in its regular open market operations.
  su ning, the deputy central bank governor, said this week at an international conference in beijing that the country's money supply was slowing dramatically as a result of these measures.
  at the same time, china's leaders are trying to control unnecessary production - for instance by limiting land rights and enforcing environmental standards in key industries such as steel, cement and automobiles.
  beijing is also worried about overlending to urban property projects, including residences, offices and industrial parks, and the threat it could lead to artificially high prices and excess supply.
  while trying to temper credit and investment growth, beijing is also attempting to stimulate consumer spending, since it believes a strong middle class will be a key driver of future growth.
  china's statistics body said august retail sales were up 13.8 per cent, a rate consistent with that of the previous two months. demand for oil products, jewellery, automobiles and building has been particularly strong.
  一、参考译文:
  8月份中国固定资产投资及货币供应量增长速度明显放缓,这有力地证明,政府的紧缩举措,正在抑制中国经济的迅速扩张。
  8月份,中国城市固定资产投资较上年同期增长21.5%,与1至7月份期间30.5%的扩张速度相比,有明显放缓;同时也是自2004年12月以来,单月增幅最低的一个月。广义货币供应量m2上月增长17.9%,而7月份和6月份的增幅均为18.4%.
  中国经济一直在以创纪录的速度增长,第二季度的增幅为11.3%.中国政府官员和许多经济学家担心,长远而言,这样的增长速度难以维持。
  中国国家统计局(national bureau of statistics)局长邱晓华发布的最新经济数据显示,中国政府能够控制对房地产等行业的过渡放贷和投资,这些行业尤其存在过热风险。
  中国政府正通过货币和行政调控手段相结合的方式,努力缓和经济增长。自4月底以来,中国央行已两度上调基准贷款利率和银行存款准备金比率。昨日,央行还在其例行的公开市场操作中,创纪录地完成2250亿元人民币(合283亿美元)的资金回笼工作。
  本周,中国央行副行长苏宁在北京举行的一个国际会议上表示,由于上述措施,中国的货币供应“明显”放缓。
  与此同时,中国领导人正试图控制非必要的生产——例如,在钢铁、水泥和汽车等关键行业,限制土地使用权并强制执行各种环保标准。
  中国政府还对城市地产项目(包括住宅、写字楼和工业园区)上的过度放贷,以及可能由此导致的人为高价和供应过度感到担忧。
  在努力遏制信贷和投资增长的同时,中国政府还试图刺激消费支出,因为它认为,一个强大的中产阶层,将成为未来经济增长的关键驱动力。
  中国国家统计局表示,8月份,社会消费品零售总额较上年同期增长13.8%,这一幅度与前两个月持平。石油产品、珠宝、汽车和建筑方面的需求一直特别强劲。
  二、重点词汇:
  investment n.投资,可获利的东西
  evidence n.明显,显著,明白,迹象,根据, [物]证据,证物
  indicator n.指示器, [化]指示剂
  sustainable adj.可以忍受的,足可支撑的,养得起的
  excessive adj.过多的,过分的,额外
  benchmark[计]基准
  deputyn.代理人,代表
  dramatically adv.戏剧地,引人注目地
  artificially adv.人工
  credit n.信任,信用,声望,荣誉, [财务]贷方,银行存款
  vt.相信,信任,把……归给
  previous adj.在前的,早先的
  adv.(1)在……以前;
第三篇  passage nine(holmes' knowledge)
  his ignorance was as remarkable as his knowledge. of contemporary literature, philosophy and politics he appeared to know next to nothing. upon my quoting thomas carlyle, he inquired in the naivest way who he might be and what he had done. my surprise reached a climax, however, when i found incidentally that he was ignorant of the copernican theory and of the composition of the solar system.
  you appear to be astonished, holmes said, smiling at my expression. now that i do know it i shall do my best to forget it. you see, i consider that a man's brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose: a fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best jumbled up with a lot of other things, so that he has difficulty in laying his hand upon it. it is a mistake to think that the little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. depend upon it, there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you know before. it is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones.
  but the solar system! i protested.
  what the deuce is it to me? he interrupted impatiently.
  one morning, i picked up a magazine from the table and attempted to while away the time with it, while my companion munched silently at his toast. one of the articles had a pencil mark at the heading, and i naturally began to run my eye through it.
  its somewhat ambitious title was the book of life, and it attempted to show how much an observant man might learn by an accurate and systematic examination of all that came in his way. it struck me as being a remarkable mixture of shrewdness and of absurdity. the reasoning was close and intense, but the deduction appeared to me to be far-fetched and exaggerated. the writer claimed by a momentary expression, a twitch of a muscle or a glance of an eye, to fathom a man's inmost thought. deceit, according to him, was impossibility in the case of one trained to observation and analysis. his conclusions were as infallible as so many propositions of euclid. so startling would his results appear to the uninitiated that until they learned the processes by which he had arrived at them they might well consider him as a necromancer.
  from a drop of water, said the writer, a logician could infer the possibility of an atlantic. so all life is a great chain, the nature of which is known whenever we are shown a single link of it. like all other arts, the science of deduction and analysis is one which can be acquired by long and patient study, nor is life long enough to allow any mortal to attain the highest possible perfection in it.
  this smartly written piece of theory i could not accept until a succession of evidences justified it.
  1. what is the author's attitude toward holmes?
  [a]praising.
  [b]critical.
  [c]ironical.
  [d]distaste.
  2. what way did the author take to stick out holmes' uniqueness?
  [a]by deduction.
  [b]by explanation.
  [c]by contrast.
  [d]by analysis.
  3. what was the holmes' idea about knowledge-learning?
  [a]learning what every body learned.
  [b]learning what was useful to you.
  [c]learning whatever you came across.
  [d]learning what was different to you.
  4. what did the article mentioned in the passage talk about?
  [a]one may master the way of reasoning through observation.
  [b]one may become rather critical through observation and analysis.
  [c]one may become rather sharp through observation and analysis.
  [d]one may become practical through observation and analysis.



 

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